Peonies are an old fashioned flower with a sweet scent

A few weeks ago I wrote about lilacs. Many northern transplants love lilacs and often have difficulty growing them here in eastern North Carolina. Peonies are herbaceous perennials with fantastic aroma. However, they also struggle with our hot summers.

When I was a kid I remember my grandparents had a couple clumps in their front yard. They were awesome. I still remember how nice they smelled. Their plants always seemed to bloom around Memorial Day, when we often visited.

It’s a shame peonies don’t have a long blooming period. They are also expensive so they often aren’t used much in landscaping. Peonies sure have longevity though. It’s not uncommon for established clumps to be over a hundred years old.

When I was in Maine last summer I remember reading a local newspaper article about some century old peonies being stolen from the Presque Isle Historical Society. Somebody just dug them up and hauled them off. I don’t know what kind of person steals flowers, but they were valued at over $1000.

Peonies come in a range of colors, though combinations of white and pink are most common. Plant height of different varieties can vary substantially. Flowers are usually large and come with different types of blooms.

Singles have the fewest petals with a large center containing the male and female parts. Japanese and anemone types have many of the male parts transformed into petal-like structures. Semi-double and double peonies have multiple rows of petals and bomb-double types have long blooms which don’t produce any pollen.

These aromatic beauties are most adapted to sunny locations with well-drained soil. Unfortunately, in eastern North Carolina we are at the southern range of their adaptability. Peonies, like lilacs, are better adapted to northern locations. They even tolerate winter temperatures as cold as -50F.

Southern growers must cheat on the sunlight a little and try to avoid the afternoon heat as much as possible by providing peony plants a little shade. The problem is that if we reduce the light too much they won’t flower. They also may develop weak stems and fall over.

Most peonies should have some type of support. Large flowered cultivars are especially susceptible to wind damage. I find that tomato cages work well. Foliage generally covers the wire and the cages protect against our strong winds.

Generally, peony plants are pretty low maintenance. They rarely need to be divided. In fact, constantly splitting them up will lead to their downfall. That’s probably one reason peonies are so expensive. Newly divided plants likely won’t bloom for at least two years, so once plants are established they should be left alone.

It seems everyone wants plants that bloom constantly. That won’t happen with peonies. Their blooming season is short, so peony enthusiasts often grow several varieties. People who love irises and daylilies often did the same thing before continuous blooming cultivars became available. Many folks still do.

Maybe one of these days someone might develop a re-blooming peony cultivar. I’d love to enjoy that peony fragrance throughout the entire growing season.

Attractive single peony showing all flower parts

Attractive single peony showing all flower parts

Ted Manzer teaches agriculture at Northeastern High School (

About tedmanzer

I grew up in Old Town Maine and got a B.S. at the University of Maine in Plant Sciences/ minor in Botany. From there I moved to West Virginia and earned a M.S. in Agronomy at WVU. I also met my wife there. She grew up in rural WV as the daughter of tenant farmers who raised cattle and hogs. Their lifestyle at times was one of subsistence and I learned a lot from them. I've always been a foraging buff, but combining my formal botanical knowledge with their practical 'Foxfire-type' background opened up my eyes a little more. I recently retired from teaching high school agriculture after 25 years teaching with my wife. Until recently I wrote a weekly nature/foraging column for the local paper ( I also have written several Christian nature/adventure novels that can be purchased on Amazon in Kindle format. One is a five book family saga I call the 'Forgotten Virtues' series. In the first book, Never Alone (presently out of print), a young boy comes of age after his father dies in a plane crash, and he has to make it alone. The second book, Strange Courage, takes Carl from his High School graduation to his recovery from a nasty divorce. The third book, Second Chances, takes Carl from his ex-wife's death and the custody of his son to his heroic death at age 59. The fourth book, Promises Kept, depicts how his grandchildren react and adjust to his death (this one is not yet published). In the final book, Grandfather's Way, his youngest and most timid granddaughter emerges from the shadow of her overachieving family and accomplishes more in four months than most do in a lifetime. I use many foraging references with a lot of the plants I profile in these articles in those books. I also wrote a romance novel titled Virginia. It is available on Amazon and is a different type of romance from a man's perspective.
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1 Response to Peonies are an old fashioned flower with a sweet scent

  1. joanneeddy says:

    Yes….another Northern peony lover struggling to have my plants bloom. I have them in a relatively sunny spot with afternoon sun but on the shader side of the bed. I love the sweet fragrance and the large double flowers….along with my very unsuccessful lilac bush! (Missed you at Wordsmiths)

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