Turmeric is more than a bright yellow spice


Turmeric is an herb likely not in most people’s spice racks, at least by itself. Curry powder is roughly 50% turmeric. Mustard owes much of its yellow color to turmeric. I like to use turmeric in most relishes and pickles because of its beautiful bright yellow hue. It’s also great in rice.

Turmeric is not a strong flavored spice. I would call its taste a mild combination of citrus, ginger and cinnamon. I’ve even used it in pumpkin and sweet potato pies to brighten the color without affecting the flavor. While it might sound surprising, a little ground turmeric mixed in orange or pineapple juice is delicious.

We think of it as a tropical spice, but turmeric can actually be grown in our climate either in large pots or in the ground. It’s perennial here. Plants form thick fleshy tubers, which can be eaten fresh or dried and ground. These tubers are great in a stir-fry.

Fresh turmeric is gaining popularity. Often turmeric tubers can be found in grocery store produce sections. They keep well in the refrigerator.

Plants look a little like ginger lilies and have beautiful spike-like white or pink flowers. They make a great addition to the perennial garden. A large pot of them is also breathtaking on the patio.

Sometimes you might see them referred to as Curcuma, since there are several species of turmeric. All thrive in warm conditions. Plants also like moist but well drained soil and usually grow two to three feet tall. If you are growing them for ornamental use, soil texture isn’t critical. A sandy soil mix is best for harvesting tubers.

Herbalists tout this plant as one of the top superfoods around. It’s rich in antioxidants. Curcumin is just one of them and is a strong anti-inflammatory compound. It’s extracted from turmeric and used for a variety of ailments.

Not surprisingly, turmeric and specifically curcumin are used to treat different types of arthritis. It’s used to alleviate of other types of inflammation like ulcerative colitis, heartburn and stomach pain.

Turmeric supplements are also linked to improved brain function and better heart health. Herbalists recommend turmeric preparations to help fend off Alzheimer’s. Some people take it to help regulate blood sugar. Also, testing is ongoing to see if turmeric can help fight off cancer too.

Turmeric is not totally without its drawbacks. Large amounts might lower testosterone levels and decrease sperm movement. Men probably shouldn’t take this in large quantities if they are trying to father children, as curcumin can reduce fertility.

Turmeric also slows blood clotting. People on blood thinning medications probably should not take high concentrations of it. When used as a spice, levels of curcumin would likely not pose any problems but extracts very well could.

Most herbs that are not concentrated usually don’t cause major health concerns. It’s when we isolate certain chemicals and take huge doses that we have problems. As with all herbal medicines, please consult your doctor. This is especially true when taking highly concentrated forms. That’s not really natural anyway.

Healthy turmeric ready for eating or division

Healthy turmeric ready for eating or division

Ted Manzer teaches agriculture at Northeastern High School (tmanzer@ecpps.k12.nc.us).

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About tedmanzer

I grew up in Old Town Maine and got a B.S. at the University of Maine in Plant Sciences/ minor in Botany. From there I moved to West Virginia and earned a M.S. in Agronomy at WVU. I also met my wife there. She grew up in rural WV as the daughter of tenant farmers who raised cattle and hogs. Their lifestyle at times was one of subsistence and I learned a lot from them. I've always been a foraging buff, but combining my formal botanical knowledge with their practical 'Foxfire-type' background opened up my eyes a little more. I now teach agriculture to high school students at Northeastern High School in Elizabeth City, NC. My wife teaches with me and we make a great team. I also write a weekly nature/foraging column for the local paper (dailyadvance.com) and frequently publish articles in several other newspapers in northeastern North Carolina. I also have written several Christian nature/adventure novels that I plan to publish eventually. One is a five book family saga I call the 'Forgotten Virtues' series. In the first book, Never Alone, a young boy comes of age after his father dies in a plane crash, and he has to make it alone. Never Alone is now available in paperback, Kindle and Nook. The second book, Strange Courage, takes Carl from his High School graduation to his recovery from a nasty divorce. The third book, Second Chances, takes Carl from his ex-wife's death and the custody of his son to his heroic death at age 59. The fourth book, Promises Kept, depicts how his grandchildren react and adjust to his death. In the final book, Grandfather's Way, his youngest and most timid granddaughter emerges from the shadow of her overachieving family and accomplishes more in four months than most do in a lifetime. I use many foraging references with a lot of the plants I profile in these articles in those books.
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